NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2 – Components of Food

Page No 17:

Question 1:

Name the major nutrients in our food.

Answer:

The major nutrients in our food are: Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals.

Question 2:

Name the following:

(a) The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.

(b) The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.

(c) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.

(d) A mineral required for keeping our bones healthy.

Answer:

(a) Carbohydrates and fats

(b) Proteins and minerals

(c) Vitamin A

(d) Calcium

Question 3:

Name two foods each rich in:

(a) Fats

(b) Starch

(c) Dietary fibre

(d) Protein

Answer:

(a) Groundnut and Butter

(b) Rice and Mango

(c) Potatoes and pulses

(d) Fish and Gram

Question 4:

Tick( ) the statements that are correct.

(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfil the nutritional requirement in our body. ( )

(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. ( )

(c) A balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. ( )

(d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. ( )

Answer:

(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfil the nutritional requirement in our body.

(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet.

(c) A balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items.

(d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body.

Question 5:

Fill in the blanks:

(a) _________ is caused by the deficiency of vitamin D.

(b) Deficiency of _________ causes a disease known as beri-beri.

(c) Deficiency of vitamin C causes a disease known as _________.

(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of _________ in our food.

Answer:

(a) __Rickets__ is caused by the deficiency of vitamin D.

(b) Deficiency of _vitamin B1_ causes a disease known as beri-beri.

(c) Deficiency of vitamin C causes a disease known as __scurvy__.

(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of __vitamin A__ in our food.

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